Ecology, Climate Change and Related News

Conservation Science for a Healthy Planet

Atlantic/Pacific ocean temperature difference fuels drought and wildfires in CA and Southwest US; multi-year predictions possible

July 27, 2017

New study shows that the large-scale difference between a warm Atlantic and relatively cold Pacific ocean temperatures plays a fundamental role in causing droughts, and enhancing wildfire risks in California and the southwest. the Atlantic/Pacific temperature difference shows pronounced variations on timescales of more than 5 years. Like swings of a very slow pendulum, this […]

Read more...

Electric cars win? Britain to ban new petrol and diesel cars by 2040


“There should be no new diesel or petrol vehicles by 2040,” environment minister Michael Gove told BBC Radio. The ban would only apply to conventional rather than hybrid vehicles that have both an electric and combustion engine, Gove’s ministry said. By Kylie MacLellan and Guy Faulconbridge July 26 2017 read full Reuters article here LONDON […]

Read more...

America’s Pledge: States, cities, businesses and citizens taking action to fight climate change


America’s Pledge can drive and tally U.S. climate action Across America, states, cities, businesses, universities, and citizens are taking action to fight climate change, grow the economy, and protect public health… to ensure the US remains a global leader in reducing emissions and delivers on our ambitious climate goals of the Paris Agreement. Meg Storch […]

Read more...

Seawalls: Ecological effects of coastal armoring in soft sediment environments

July 26, 2017

The collaborative study synthesizes the findings of existing literature examining different types of armoring across a variety of soft sediment ecosystems. Understanding how ecological responses [to sea walls] vary with hydrodynamic energy and their effect on water flow could help people design and install armoring structures that could have less ecological impact the menu of […]

Read more...

The World May Have Less Time to Address Climate Change Than Scientists Thought


A new global temperature baseline casts doubt on humanity’s ability to meet the Paris target Accounting for greenhouse gases released from about 1750 to 1875 would add another one-fifth of a degree to the baseline temperature, the study found (.2 C or .36 F). By Scott Waldman, E&E News on July 25, 2017 The temperature […]

Read more...

Continued increase of extreme El Niño frequency long after 1.5 °C warming stabilization


Scientists just found a surprising possible consequence from a very small amount of global warming Chelsea Harvey July 24 2017 read full Washington Post article here Even if we meet our most ambitious climate goal — keeping global temperatures within a strict 1.5 degrees Celsius (or 2.7 degree Fahrenheit) of their preindustrial levels — there will […]

Read more...

How California Plans to Go Far Beyond Any Other State on Climate


By BRAD PLUMER JULY 26, 2017  Read full NY Times article here …Last August, the State Legislature set a goal of slashing emissions more than 40 percent below today’s levels by 2030, a far deeper cut than President Barack Obama proposed for the entire United States and deeper than most other countries have contemplated. So how will California […]

Read more...

Restore soil in addition to vegetation; Study results suggest aboveground restoration does not restore soil microbial communities.


July 26 2017 Michael S. Strickland, Mac A. Callaham Jr., Emile S. Gardiner, John A. Stanturf, Jonathan W. Leff, Noah Fierer, Mark A. Bradford. Response of soil microbial community composition and function to a bottomland forest restoration intensity gradient.  July 2017. Applied Soil Ecology 199: 317-326 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.07.008 Comments from Dr. Chelsea Carey, Sr. Soil Ecologist […]

Read more...

Greatest threat to forest birds of eastern US is habitat loss on wintering grounds; magnified by climate change in future


the first study to measure the combined impact of climate change and land-use change over a bird’s full annual cycle The study finds loss of wintering habitat in the near future will likely be magnified by the long-term effects of climate change. July 24 2017 Cornell University read full ScienceDaily article here Within the next […]

Read more...

We need biodiversity to save biodiversity in a warmer world

July 21, 2017

July 14, 2017 German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig  see full sciencedaily article here Climate change leads to loss of biodiversity worldwide. However, ecosystems with a higher biodiversity in the first place might be less affected a new study. Scientists found that when they experimentally warmed meadows, the diversity of nematode worms living […]

Read more...