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Ocean temperature changes contributing to droughts

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July 19, 2017 University of Exeter  see ScienceDaily article here

Fluctuations in sea surface temperature are a factor in causing persistent droughts in North America and around the Mediterranean, new research suggests. A team from the universities of Exeter, Montpellier and Wageningen analysed data from 1957-2002 and found sea surface temperatures in the North Pacific and North Atlantic became increasingly variable, and extremes lasted for longer.

Ocean temperatures are a major driver of conditions on land, and the researchers showed that the changes they observed correlated with increases in land temperature variability, and persistence of extreme temperatures. This in turn was associated with persistent droughts in North America and on land around the Mediterranean….

“Our evidence shows that larger and more persistent variations in sea surface temperature have occurred in the North Atlantic and North Pacific and these contributed to more extreme and persistent temperature anomalies on parts of the world’s land surface,” said Professor Tim Lenton, of the University of Exete

…”For instance, a long heatwave can have greater impacts on human mortality than the sum of individual hot days, and multi-year droughts can have greater agricultural economic impacts than the sum of individual dry years,” Professor Lenton said…

Timothy M. Lenton, Vasilis Dakos, Sebastian Bathiany, Marten Scheffer. Observed trends in the magnitude and persistence of monthly temperature variability. Scientific Reports, 2017; 7 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-06382-x

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