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Climate change and habitat conversion combine to homogenize nature- report on Costa Rican bird studies

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August 18, 2017 University of California – Davis  Read full ScienceDaily article here

Climate change and habitat conversion to agriculture are working together to homogenize nature, indicates a study in the journal Global Change Biology led by the University of California, Davis.

In other words, the more things change, the more they are the same.

While the individual impacts of climate change and habitat conversion on wildlife are well-recognized, little is known about how species respond to both stressors at once.

In northwest Costa Rica, the study’s authors surveyed birds and plants at 120 sites that included rainforests, dry forests and farmland to determine how habitat conversion and climate-change-induced droughts affect tropical wildlife. They found that different bird species thrive in drier versus wetter areas of forests. In farmlands however, birds associated with dry sites were found everywhere, even in the wettest sites.


Green-headed tanager (Tangara seledon). Credit: © Wilfred / Fotolia
Across Central and South America, we are seeing large areas being converted from native forest to agriculture, and droughts are becoming more frequent,” said lead author Daniel Karp, an assistant professor in the UC Davis Department of Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology. “Both of these global pressures are favoring the same species and threatening the same species This means we may be losing biodiversity faster than we previously thought when we were studying climate change and habitat conversion individually.”
most vulnerable birds at the study sites were those in the wet forests, which include tropical birds like tanagers, manakins, and woodcreepers. He noted that birds in the agricultural sites — such as blackbirds, doves, and sparrows — were more similar to those found in the dry forest, where there is less of a tree canopy and more grass cover….
Daniel S. Karp, Luke O. Frishkoff, Alejandra Echeverri, Jim Zook, Pedro Juárez, Kai M. A. Chan. Agriculture erases climate-driven β-diversity in Neotropical bird communities. Global Change Biology, 2017; DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13821

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