Ecology, Climate Change and Related News

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Tag Archive: climate change

  1. Coastal Green Infrastructure Effectiveness Database

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    Digital Coast Launches Green Infrastructure Effectiveness Database


    Decision-makers want to understand how to effectively use nature-based practices to protect people, property, and infrastructure from storms and sea level rise. For this purpose, OCM assembled a collection of sources on the effectiveness of green infrastructure. NCCOS and the NOAA Climate Program Office provided input. The new Green Infrastructure Effectiveness Database provides a means of quickly searching for source information and studies. The database also illuminates gaps in information and areas for enhanced study.

  2. Pittsburgh and Paris join over 200 cities and states supporting Paris Climate Accord

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    June 8 2017 Full article here

    Yesterday, the mayors of Pittsburgh and Paris co-authored a New York Times editorial rejecting Trump’s efforts to pin the two cities against each other on climate change.

    Additionally, 12 states (California, New York, Washington, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Virginia) plus Puerto Rico created the US Climate Alliance, committed to upholding the Paris accord. These states represent 97 million Americans – 30% of the national population.

    More than 1,000 U.S. governors, mayors, investors, universities, and companies joined the “We Are Still In” campaign, pledging to meet the goals of the Paris agreement. And California Governor Jerry Brown has effectively become America’s unofficial climate change ambassador….

  3. What price are Californians paying to fight climate change?

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  4. Analysis: Meeting Paris pledges would prevent at least 1C of global warming

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    6 June 2017 17:17 Carbon Brief  See full story here

    President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement on climate change has raised questions about the effectiveness of the accord, and how that will change without the US. In his announcement, Trump incorrectly claimed the deal would avoid just 0.2C of warming. In fact, nine separate studies show, on average, that full implementation of current climate pledges would avoid 1C of warming, compared to a business-as-usual world.

    An analysis by Carbon Brief finds that if the US reneges on its Paris pledge and takes no action to reduce emissions, it could result in around 0.2C to 0.3C additional warming, whereas a delay in implementation of four or eight years would have minimal impact.

    Carbon Brief explains how these temperature estimates are made and explores the impacts of Paris, with and without US participation….


  5. Bipartisan lawmakers plead for climate research funds

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    Kellie Lunney, E&E News reporter  Wednesday, June 7, 2017  see article here

    Nineteen House Democrats and Republicans are urging appropriators to reject a Trump administration budget proposal to slash funding for an Interior research program that studies climate change. The lawmakers, who hail from Alaska to Vermont, want their colleagues to support and fully fund the “reputable” and “important work” of eight regional climate adaptation centers located throughout the country and housed within the U.S. Geological Survey.

    The Trump administration is requesting $17.4 million for the “National and Regional Climate Adaptation Science Centers” in fiscal 2018, about $8 million less than what the hubs received for fiscal 2017. The fiscal 2016 enacted funding level for the climate science  centers was $26.4 million, which the April omnibus reduced to $25.3 million.

    “These CSCs [climate science centers] have helped natural and cultural resource managers assess climate related vulnerabilities in their local jurisdictions as a first step in enhancing preparedness,” wrote the members, who included Reps. Jared Polis (DColo.) and Don Young (RAlaska), in a letter yesterday to House Interior Appropriations Subcommittee Chairman Ken Calvert (RCalif.) and ranking member Betty McCollum (DMinn.)….

  6. California signs deal with China to combat climate change

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    See full article here- The Hill

    California Gov. Jerry Brown (D) signed an agreement to work with China to lower greenhouse gas emissions Tuesday, just days after President Trump pulled the United States out of an international climate change agreement.

    The agreement, though nonbinding, aims to expand cooperation between China and California on renewable energy, zero-emission vehicles and low-carbon urban development, Brown’s office said. It will establish a joint working group of Chinese and Californian officials to come up with ways to work together, and to invest in programs that would cut carbon emissions.

    Brown signed the pact with Wan Gang, China’s minister of science and technology, before meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

    “California is the leading economic state in America and we are also the pioneering state on clean technology, cap and trade, electric vehicles and batteries, but we can’t do it alone,” Brown said Tuesday. “We need a very close partnership with China, with your businesses, with your provinces, with your universities.”…

  7. Rockaway, NY Boardwalk Shows Climate Adaptation Costs

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    By June 5th, 2017 See full ClimateCentral article here

    ROCKAWAY PENINSULA, N.Y. — Beachgoers in this New York City oasis can now flip-flop along a fully rebuilt boardwalk, one that reflects a coastal reimagination underway along the Mid-Atlantic and that heralds the staggering costs ahead of adapting to a changing climate. ….Nearly five years later [after Hurricane Sandy], the wooden walkway has been replaced by more than five miles of sand-toned concrete atop 50 million pounds of sandbags and a retaining wall that holds in place new sand dunes. It is meant to help protect residents and residences from storm surges.

    The boardwalk and dunes were built at a cost of $70 million a mile, with the final segment of beachfront walkway put in place last month.

    The new boardwalk along Rockaway Beach incorporates coastal protection features. Credit: John Upton/Climate Central

    ….Subway lines and rail yards were rebuilt and fortified against flood risks after Sandy. Emergency shelters were built and volunteerism has been promoted. Building codes have been revised. Electrical equipment is being placed high in skyscrapers instead of at ground or basement level, where it risks being inundated.

    ….The boardwalk cost $340 million, paid for by federal taxpayers using some of the $50 billion in Sandy relief funding authorized by Congress and signed by President Obama in 2013. The sand dunes in front of it cost more than $35 million to build, and they will need to be replenished after the next big storm or to counter erosion….

    ….“The boardwalk shows we can both adapt and still have many of the benefits of what was there before,” said Robert Freudenberg, vice president of energy and environmental programs at the Regional Plan Association, a think tank based in New York City. “As a cautionary tale, it shows us that adaptation takes time.

    With sea level rise accelerating, pushing floodwaters into coastal cities from Miami to Boston and west to Hawaii, Freudenberg said “adaptation should be a part of every infrastructure project that we do right now” — but funding poses profound challenges.

    Freudenberg’s group is researching financial options, which it plans to outline in a fall report, such as creating adaption funds topped with surcharges on insurance premiums.

    “We have 3,700 miles of coastline in this region that need to be adapted,” Freudenberg said. “This is going to be the investment of a generation, and right now there’s no budget for it.”

  8. Breeding pairs of plovers cooperate to resist climate change

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    June 5, 2017 FECYT – Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology with Point Blue contribution   See full ScienceDaily article here

    Most bird chicks need parental care to survive. In biparental species the chicks have greater chances of success if both parents participate in this task, especially under hostile situations. An international team of scientists has revealed that when temperatures rise, males and females in pairs of plovers shift incubation more frequently….The paper…analysed the behaviour of 36 populations of 12 plover species. Its results reveal that male plovers assist the females during daytime incubation. “Males’ participation in daytime incubation increases both with ambient temperature and with as the variability of maximum temperatures during the incubation period,” the expert stresses. The research demonstrates that a rise in temperature changes these bird pairs’ behaviour and their daily routine in terms of nest attendance….The conclusion of this new paper is that climate variations strongly influence parental cooperation.

    Orsolya Vincze, András Kosztolányi, Zoltán Barta, Clemens Küpper, Monif Alrashidi, Juan A. Amat, Araceli Argüelles Ticó, Fiona Burns, John Cavitt, Warren C. Conway, Medardo Cruz-López, Atahualpa Eduardo Desucre-Medrano, Natalie dos Remedios, Jordi Figuerola, Daniel Galindo-Espinosa, Gabriel E. García-Peña, Salvador Gómez Del Angel, Cheri Gratto-Trevor, Paul Jönsson, Penn Lloyd, Tomás Montalvo, Jorge Enrique Parra, Raya Pruner, Pinjia Que, Yang Liu, Sarah T. Saalfeld, Rainer Schulz, Lorenzo Serra, James J. H. St Clair, Lynne E. Stenzel, Michael A. Weston, Maï Yasué, Sama Zefania, Tamás Székely. Parental cooperation in a changing climate: fluctuating environments predict shifts in care division. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2017; 26 (3): 347 DOI: 10.1111/geb.12540

  9. Bloomberg delivers U.S. pledge to continue Paris climate goals to U.N.

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    Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg submitted a statement to the United Nations on Monday that over 1,000 U.S. governors, mayors, businesses, universities and others will continue to meet the goals of the Paris climate agreement abandoned by President Donald Trump last week.