Paris climate targets could be exceeded sooner than expected–due to changes in permafrost

Permafrost carbon release is accelerating global warming

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Micronizing ocean plastics threaten sea turtle populations, ocean life cycle

“We may be in the early phases of the first micronized plastic waste-associated species population decline or extinction event,”

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CA Had Its Own Climate Summit. Now What? — With video, other links and highlights from the 2018 Global Climate Action Summit

A key premise of the conference was that if a handful of leading-edge states, cities and businesses can demonstrate that it’s feasible — and even lucrative — to go green in their own backyards, they might inspire others to follow suit. That, in turn, could make it easier for national leaders to act more forcefully…. But it will take time to tell whether these local actions can scale up quickly enough to make a significant dent in global emissions. And scientists are warning that time is short if we want to avoid the worst effects of climate change.

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Carbon Market Incentives to Conserve, Restore and Enhance Soil Carbon

This study assesses the specific situation of soil carbon—its position in climate policymaking, the specific challenges, and the opportunities for intervention. It does so to explore to what extent carbon project finance tools can help advance the ability of soil carbon to make a meaningful contribution to climate change mitigation, providing multiple co-benefits. By taking the voluntary market as the lens, it also serves to inform the wider fate and utility of land sector carbon projects within the evolving political framework of the Paris Agreement.

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‘High-yield’ farming costs the environment less than previously thought — and could help spare habitats

Examples of high-yield strategies include enhanced pasture systems and livestock breeds in beef production, use of chemical fertilizer on crops, and keeping dairy cows indoors for longer. The scientists found data to be limited, and say more research is urgently needed on the environmental cost of different farming systems. Nevertheless, results suggest many high-yield systems are less ecologically damaging and, crucially, use much less land.

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Organic farming can help halt decline of pollinators

An extensive 3-year study has found that organic farming methods can contribute to halting the pollinator decline. This beneficial effect is due to both the absence of insecticides and a higher provision of flower resources

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Spring Is Coming Earlier to Wildlife Refuges, and Bird Migrations Need to Catch Up

If the birds don’t adapt to climate change, they could go hungry right at the start of breeding season. A new study shows the changes are already underway.

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Weather forecasting sheds light on where and when birds will fly

“Most of our songbirds migrate at night, and they pay close attention to the weather. Our model converts weather forecasts into bird migration forecasts for the continental United States.”

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Tropics are widening as predicted by climate models, research finds

Indiana University Read full ScienceDaily article here Scientists have observed for years that Earth’s tropics are widening in connection with complex changes in climate and weather patterns. But in recent years, it appeared the widening was outpacing what models predicted, suggesting other factors were at work. But a new paper finds that the most up-to-date

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Roadmap for measuring animal, plant traits to meet biodiversity goals

Read full ScienceDaily article here An international team of researchers has outlined a plan for how to measure changes in key traits of animals and plants and provide these data to policymakers to improve natural resource management and keep nations on track to meet global biodiversity and sustainability goals… W. Daniel Kissling, Ramona Walls, Anne

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