Latest Research: Large Scale Aerial Multi-Robot Coverage Path Planning. Published in Field Robotics. For many wildlife populations, counting the number of animals present from the ground is not feasible, and population data often lag the pace of environmental change due to the expense and logistical complexity associated with aerial surveys from planes or helicopters. To address these challenges, we recently developed a novel approach for conducting surveys with multiple Uncrewed Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) that work together to complete a mission, and it has a very cute acronym. Read more in our publication brief. (featured image: Parker Levinson with a UAV at Point Blue’s Ross Sea field site in Antarctica, credit: Annie Schmidt)

Publication Briefs


Large Scale Aerial Multi-Robot Coverage Path Planning. Published in Field Robotics.

Post-fire salvage logging reduces bird abundance and diversity in Sierra Nevada forests. Published in Fire Ecology.

Impacts of winter storms and oceanic conditions on survival of Elephant Seal pups. Published in Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Soundscapes to Landscapes: The Power of Citizen Scientists in a Bioacoustics Monitoring Workflow. Published in Citizen Science: Theory and Practice.

A Synthesis of Livestock Grazing Effects in Sierra Meadows. Published in Environmental Management.


Climate change-adaptive participatory field gene banking for a California endemic oak. Published in Restoration Ecology.

Diving behavior can now tell us how much food Adélie penguins are eating. Published in Scientific Reports.

Buffering climate-driven perturbation events through recruitment. Published in Journal of Animal Ecology.

Determining long-term versus real-time habitat suitability for shorebirds. Ecological Applications.

Insights from the first global population estimate of Weddell seals in Antarctica. Published in Science Advances.

Different climate impacts to seals in Antarctica help clarify conservation choices. Published in Global Change Biology.

Long-term monitoring shows protected areas safeguard landbird populations. Published in Ornithological Applications.

Nesting habitat and edges influence reproductive success of Adélie penguins. Published in Scientific Reports.

Efforts to save whales from ship strikes in Southern California have been mostly ineffective. Published in Frontiers in Marine Science.

Breeding of Color-Aberrant Adélie Penguins at Cape Crozier, Antarctica. Published in Antarctic Science.

Implications of large high-severity wildfire patches for bird diversity. Published in Diversity & Distributions.

Changes in timing of whale migration in California explain increasing numbers of deadly entanglements. Published in PLoS ONE.

Multiple-Benefit Conservation: an approach to conservation that can meet social and environmental needs. Published in Conservation Science and Practice.

Multidrone aerial surveys of penguin colonies in Antarctica. Published in Science Robotics.

Fire and mechanical forest treatments support different portions of the bird community in fire-suppressed forests. Published in Forests.

Identifying conservation corridors that benefit Southern California Spotted Owl populations. Published in Diversity and Distributions.

Projecting impacts of a mortality event on a Western gull population. Published in Ecosphere.


Measuring Soil Carbon Stocks on California Rangelands. Published in Geoderma Regional.

Assessing the effects of rangeland management practices in California through a systematic search of the literature. Published in California Agriculture.

Drought reduces interior shorebird populations while coastal wetlands serve as refugia. Published in PLoS ONE.

Understanding Habitat Needs and Threats to Shorebirds Across the Pacific Americas Flyway. Published in Avian Conservation and Ecology.

Quantifying whale deaths and strategies to decrease vessel collisions off the Bay Area. Published in Endangered Species Research.

Montane meadow restoration improves habitat for some meadow birds. Published in Restoration Ecology.

Whale and krill hotspots in north-central California National Marine Sanctuaries. Published in PLOS ONE.

Assessing Accuracy of Sampling Schemes to Estimate Western Snowy Plover Reproductive Success. Published in Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management.

Assessing the effects of rangeland management practices in California through a systematic search of the literature. Published in California Agriculture.

Oceanographic drivers of winter habitat use in Cassin’s auklets. Published in Ecological Applications.

Migration tracking of Swainson’s Thrushes reveals that vulnerabilities differ by region. Published in Scientific reports.

Cracks in the ice: Significant chick loss at historic Cape Crozier Emperor Colony. Published in Antarctic Science.

Predictive habitat suitability models for nesting woodpeckers following forest fires. Published in The Condor.


Seabirds Offer Tool to Help Manage California’s Marine Protected Areas. Published in CalCOFI Reports.

Communication is key for rebuilding agricultural soil carbon. Published in Nature Sustainability.

Mixed Severity Fire Leads to Increased Bat Diversity in Fire Suppressed Sierra Nevada Forests. Published in Scientific Reports.

Removing invasive mice will benefit storm-petrels through reduced owl predation. Published in Ecosphere.

Changes in double-crested cormorants in the San Francisco Bay area. Published in Marine Ornithology.

Killer whale presence leads to white shark desertion of Farallon Island feeding grounds. Published in Scientific Reports.

Waterbirds need a mosaic of suitable agricultural fields and wetlands in the Delta. Published in San Franc Estuary Watershed Sci.

Adélie penguins become more efficient at finding food as they age. Published in Scientific Reports.

Fluorescent ornamentation in the Rhinoceros Auklet. Published in the Ibis.

Water and the Future of the San Joaquin Valley. Published with Public Policy Institute of California.

Recent drought may provide a glimpse of the future for the avian community in the Sierra Nevada. Published in Ecological Applications.

Eating in the dark: Ross Sea Adélie Penguin Foraging Habitat. Published in Marine Ecology Progress Series


Trends in abundance of wintering waterbirds relative to rainfall patterns at a central California estuary, 1972-2015. Published in Trends and traditions: Avifaunal change in western North America (W. D. Shuford, R. E. Gill Jr., and C. M. Handel, eds.).

Streamside forests store tons of carbon. Published in Global Change Biology.

Staggering water drawdown in winter-flooded rice increases habitat for waterbirds. Published in PLoS ONE.

Maximizing the carbon and biodiversity benefits of habitat restoration along rivers and streams. Published in Journal of Applied Ecology.

Implications of seabird prey consumption for forage fish management in California. Published in the Journal of Marine Systems.

Managing Drought in a Changing Climate: Four Essential Reforms. Published in the Public Policy Institute of California report.

Multiple double broods within a lifetime associated with higher quality Cassin’s Auklets. Published in Proceedings of the Royals Society B.

Combining seabird diet, acoustics, and ecosystem surveys to assess forage fish. Published in Journal of Marine Systems.

Incentive Programs Provide Critical Support for Waterbird Habitat During Extreme Drought. Published in PeerJ.

Fire leads to complex and dynamic responses by the avian community in Sierra Nevada forests. Published in Ecosphere.

More frequent El Niño Southern Oscillation might not be bad for seabirds. Theoretical Ecology.

Shorebirds seek stability in highly modified and a dynamic water landscape. Landscape Ecology.

Bird populations nearly triple in response to habitat restoration along Putah Creek. Published in Ecological Restoration.

Seabirds Indicate Fish Abundance In California’s Marine Protected Areas. Published in Marine Ecology.

White-crowned Sparrow habitat choices, but not nest success, are influenced by vegetation change. Published in the Condor.


Managing California’s Freshwater Ecosystems: Lessons from the 2012-16 Drought. Published in Public Policy Institute of California report.

U.S. West Coast whale deaths from ship collisions outstrip federal limits. Published in PLOS One.

Conservation objectives for waterbirds in California’s Central Valley. Published in San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science.

Conservation objectives for bird species at risk in California’s Central Valley. Published in San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science.

Conservation objectives for birds along California’s Central Valley rivers. Published in San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science.

Science-based guidelines for defining wildlife population objectives. Published in San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science.

Conservation objectives to eliminate food shortages for migrating and wintering shorebirds in California’s Central Valley. Published in San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science.

Inland-breeding terns’ response to California drought: Trend or tribulation? Published in Western Birds.

Environmental conditions and prey-switching by a seabird predator impact juvenile salmon survival. Published in Journal of Marine Systems.

Age, timing, and a variable environment affect double brooding of a long-lived seabird. Published in Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Modeling non-resident seabird distributions to inform ocean zoning in California. Published in PLOS One.

Can fishing in the Ross Sea be sustainable? Published in Ecological Applications.


Burrowing Owl diet on Southeast Farallon Island, California. Published in Journal of Raptor Research.

Cassin’s Auklet Foraging and Their Euphausiid Prey in a Variable Environment. Published in PLOS One.

Changed prevalence, not absence explains Antarctic toothfish status in McMurdo Sound. Published in Antarctic Science.

Species interactions do not have a strong effect on long-term community dynamics in a changing environment. Published in Ecosphere.

Migratory geography of Golden-crowned Sparrows from two wintering regions. Published in Animal Migration.

Can we reduce greenhouse gas emissions from rice and still maintain waterbird habitat?  Published in Biological Conservation.

When birds of a feather don’t flock together: Hermit Thrushes across the San Francisco Bay region migrate to different breeding locations. Published in Animal Migration.

A shorebirds guide to management of interior, freshwater wetlands. Published in Journal of Wildlife Management.

Private lands habitat programs benefit California’s native birds. Published in California Agriculture.


Where is the water? Using satellites to understand the impact of drought on surface water and waterbird habitat in the Central Valley of California. Published in Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

Waterbirds benefit from crops and field management practices in California’s Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta. Published in Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.

As Arctic sea ice melts, animal movement between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans needs to be monitored. Published in Global Change Biology.

Trophic cascades in the western Ross Sea. Published in Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Local and landscape habitat associations of shorebirds in wetlands of the Sacramento Valley of California. Published in Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management.

Improving effectiveness of systematic conservation planning with density data. Published in Conservation Biology.

Yellow-billed Cuckoo at-risk along the Sacramento and Feather rivers, California. Published in PLOS One.

A Quantitative Evaluation of the Conservation Umbrella of Spotted Owl Management Areas in the Sierra Nevada. Published in PLOS One.

The Hidden Nightlife of Wintering Dunlin within an Agriculture-Wetland Mosaic. Published in Waterbirds.

A Bird’s-Eye View of the USA National Phenology Network: An Off-the-Shelf Monitoring Program. Published in Studies in Avian Biology.

Drought-caused delay in nesting phenology of Sonoran Desert birds. Published in The Auk.


Penguins coping with climate change. Published in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

Restoring Native Perennial Grasses by Changing Grazing Practices in Central Central Coastal California. Published in Ecological Restoration.

Occurrence Patterns of Black-backed Woodpeckers in Green Forest of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, U.S.A.Published in Avian Conservation and Ecology.

Trends in the Breeding Population of Adelie penguins in the Ross Sea, 1981-2012: A Coincidence of Climate and Resource Extraction Effects. Published in PLOS One.

Waterbird Response to Practices that May Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Rice Fields. Unpublished report to Environmental Defense Fund.

Does Restoration Create Ecological Traps by Increasing Brown-headed Cowbird Nest Parasitism? Published in Ecological Restoration.

Avian Response to Mechanical Aspen Restoration in Sierra Nevada Coniferous Forest. Published in Restoration Ecology.

Habitat Suitability Through Time: Using Time Series and Habitat Models to Understand Changes in Bird Density. Published in Ecosphere.

A Method for Estimating Colony Sizes of Adélie Penguins Using Remote Sensing Imagery. Published in Polar Biology.

Extreme Events Disrupt Adélie Penguins’ Ability to Cope With a Variable Environment. Published in PLOS One.

Impacts of Barn Owls on Scripps’s Murrelets on Santa Barbara Island. Report to National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.


Climate Change Winners: Receding Ice Fields Facilitate Colony Expansion and Altered Dynamics in an Adélie Penguin Metapopulation. Published in PLOS One.

Exceptional seabird breeding success. Report to the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Population Viability of Western Gulls. Report to the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Non-lethal hazing can protect gulls from exposure to rodenticide. Report to the Oiled Wildlife Care Network.

Reducing burrowing owl predation to benefit Farallon ashy storm-petrels. Report to US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Agriculture is very important to Long-billed Curlews in California’s Central Valley. Published in Western Birds.

Conservation Reliance Among California’s At-Risk Birds.  Published in The Condor.

Lifetime survival rates and senescence in Northern Elephant Seals. Published in Marine Mammal Science.

Success of captive-rearing for a threatened shorebird. Published in Endangered Species Research.

Rice field management to increase habitat value for waterbirds. Published in Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.

Using Seabirds Feeding to Inform National Marine Sanctuary Management. Published in PLOS One.

Black-footed Albatross habitat use in central California Sanctuaries. Published in Fisheries Oceanography.

Parent birds protect young from climate change. Published in Ecology.

Young and adult Song Sparrows will respond differently to climate change. Published in Global Change.

Geolocator tags reveal strong migratory connectivity and within-winter movements for coastal California Swainson’s Thrushes. Published in the Auk.

The Ecology of Yellow Warbler Nest Site Selection at Mono Lake. Four papers published in Oikos, Western North American Naturalist, Journal of Animal Ecology, and Ecology and Evolution.

Assessing migratory stopover site quality for birds during fall migration along two California rivers. Published in Western North American Naturalist.

Modeling climate change impacts on tidal marsh birds: Restoration and conservation planning in the face of uncertainty. Published in Ecosphere.

Snag Density and Black-backed Woodpecker Nesting in Burned Forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. Published in the Wildlife Society Bulletin. We have publication briefs going back to 2009. Please contact our librarian at to request archived copies.



The Range-C Monitoring Program: Handbook of Field Methods. V.1.0. Foster, E.J., Paustian, K., Taylor, P., Fitzgibbon, M., Porzig, E.L., and Carey, C.J. 2023. Point Blue Conservation Science, Petaluma, California.


Evidence for the Multiple Benefits of Wetland Conservation in North America: Carbon, Biodiversity, and Beyond. Conlisk E, Chamberlin L, Vernon M, Dybala KE. December 2022. Point Blue Conservation Science, Petaluma, CA.

Mapping Soil Carbon across California’s Rangelands. Veloz, S., Eliott, N., Porzig, L., C.J. Carey. 2022. Mapping California Rangeland Soil Carbon: A Technical Report. Point Blue Conservation Science (Contribution 2424), Petaluma, CA.

Using Available Data and Information to Identify Offshore Wind Energy Areas Off the California Coast. Rockwood, R.C., L. Salas, J. Howar, N. Nur and J. Jahncke. 2022. Unpublished Report to the California Ocean Protection Council. Point Blue Conservation Science (Contribution No. 12758). 41 pp.

Environmental Data Catalog for the Morro Bay Wind Energy Area. Point Blue Conservation Science, 2022.  Unpublished Report to the California Ocean Protection Council. Point Blue Conservation Science (Contribution No. 2397), Petaluma, CA.

Inoculant-Supported Restoration: A Technical Report. Dybala, K.E, Thalmayer, I., Gardali, T., and Carey, C.J.* 2022. Point Blue Conservation Science, Petaluma, CA.

Environmental Data Catalog for the Humboldt Wind Energy Area. Point Blue Conservation Science, 2022. Unpublished Report to the California Ocean Protection Council. Point Blue Conservation Science (Contribution No. 2387), Petaluma, CA.


A scoping paper for developing rangeland carbon monitoring protocols. Foster, E.J. and Carey, C.J. 2021.


Assessment of Marine Protected Areas in the California Current. Elliott N, Veloz S, Elliott ML, Jahncke J. 2020. This is Point Blue Contribution No. 2294

Ocean Research and Management Priorities off the U.S. West Coast. Elliott ML, Jongsomjit D, Veloz S, Jahncke J. 2020. Point Blue Contribution No. 2227.

Integrating climate adaptation into land conservation: A climate-smart framework for land trusts. Vernon, M. E. 2020. Point Blue Conservation Science Contribution Number 2271.


Climate-Smart Conservation of Beaches and Dunes for Western Snowy Plover Recovery in Monterey Bay, California. K.K. Neuman, R.W. Stein, C.R. Eyster, and T. Gardali. 2019. Point Blue Conservation Science.

Sea Level Rise Adaptation Framework – A user guide to planning with nature as
demonstrated in Marin County
. Point Blue Conservation Science, San Francisco Estuary Institute, and County of Marin. 2019. Point Blue Conservation Science (Contribution #2239),
Petaluma, CA. San Francisco Estuary Institute (Publication #946), Richmond, CA.

Publications Database

Visit our Publications Database and access our more than 2,000 technical reports and peer reviewed scientific articles. We use these findings to address real-world challenges, working hand-in-hand with land, ocean, and wildlife managers to improve conservation outcomes.

California Avian Data Center

Visit the California Avian Data Center for protocols and data sheets to standardize field methods and contribute data for larger conservation impact.

For questions about how we manage data, please see and reference Point Blue’s Data Sharing Policy.

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